Zeus' main attribute is the Thunderbolt, which he received from
the Cyclopes. The Eagle is Zeus' bird, and sometimes the woodpecker is
associated with him. His tree is the Oak.
The Aegis, usually a goat skin, is an attribute of both Athena
and Zeus. Athena's Aegis is surrounded by Fear, Strife, Force and
Pursuit or sometimes by snakes, and in the center there is the Gorgon
Medusa's head. The Owl is Athena's bird, but sometimes she has been
depicted with a Rooster on her helmet and it has been assumed that the
Rooster might have been considered as sacred to her. Others say that the
Rooster is sacred to Helios (Sun) and proclaims when he is about to
rise. The Olive Tree is also sacred, it was her gift to Athens.
The Trident, which he received from the Cyclopes, is Poseidon's
best known attribute. Poseidon is associated to Horses, which were first
tamed by him, and also to Bulls. Poseidon is often depicted with a
Demeter has been represented holding
sheaves of Corn and Grain, Poppies and Snakes.
Hades is known to own a Helmet which
makes him invisible and it's his most prized possession. His symbol is
also his two-pronged spear, which he used as a weapon much like Poseidon
did his trident, and his three headed dog named Cerberus.
The Peacock was the bird sacred to
Hera. The Pomegranate also has appeared as an attribute of Hera, perhaps
in her role as an ancient Death-goddess. The Cuckoo is also a bird
sacred to Hera because when Zeus was in love with Hera he changed
himself into a Cuckoo. She has also been associated with the Cow and the
This kind, humble and most peaceable of
all the Olympians never really bothered choosing an emblem of her own,
even though the Goddess of the hearth's attribute was said to be the
The Rose and the Myrtle are sacred to
Aphrodite and said to be connected with the story of Adonis. The Dove
and Sparrow are Aphrodite's birds, as well as the swans, which pulled
her chariot. Since ancient times Aphrodite has been depicted as coming
out from a Shell. Aphrodite is often seen holding an Apple, the prize of
beauty she won in the Judgement of Paris.
The Bow and the Quiver are the
attributes of this god who strikes from afar, and also the Lyre, which
some say was invented by Hermes. Since Daphne, pursued by Apollo,
changed into a Laurel tree, the god is associated with the Laurel
because he broke a branch from the tree and placed it on his head.
Another emblem of Apollo was a Mouse - Mice were supposed to know the
secrets of the earth, and tell them to him.
The God of war was generally
represented in a brilliant suit of armor, a plumed helmet on his proud
young head, a poised spear in one muscular hand and a finely wrought
shield on the other. His bird was the vulture and his animal was the
dog. Other emblems of Ares were the Wild Boar and a bloodstained Spear.
Artemis is often represented with the
Bow and Quiver of the huntress and with emblems representing the Moon
and the Stars. She is often seen in the company of a Hind or a Dog.
Another emblem of Artemis is the She-Bear.
The Thyrsus, a staff that is crowned
with ivy, is sacred to Dionysus and an emblem of his worship. Also Vine
Leaves and Bunches of Grapes are associated with him. The Tiger is
another attribute of Dionysus, having once visited India and brought
tigers back as souvenirs.
This god is mostly seen with the
hammer, anvil and tongs of the smith. Because he was lame in the legs,
due to his fall from Olympus, one of his symbols was the Quail, a bird
that does a hobbling dance in the springtime.
The Petasus, which is a round winged
hat and the Winged Sandals are two well known attributes of Hermes.
Another one is the Caduceus, which is a winged staff entwined with two
serpents (the medical emblem resembles this, but it is not the same).
The Crane is also one of Hermes' emblems, because cranes fly in a V -
the first letter he wrote, as the inventor of the alphabet.
The Pomegranate is associated with
Persephone. Because of having eaten a seed or seeds of Pomegranate
Persephone became for ever bound to Hades.